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Women Veterans Health Care

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Musculoskeletal Conditions and Pain

Musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions are the number one reason Veterans seek treatment at VA. MSK injuries affect the body's movement. This involves muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, and joints.

MSK conditions may be caused by an accident (trauma), overuse (wear and tear), repetitive motions, strenuous physical training, and carrying heavy gear. Hip, knee, and ankle overuse injuries are especially common for women Veterans. It is important to get help because MSK injuries may cause long-term impacts like chronic pain if you do not seek treatment.

Chronic pain is pain that lasts longer than six months. Some examples of chronic MSK pain are back pain, arthritis, fibromyalgia, and joint problems. Chronic pain can impact your mood and make it difficult to work and participate in everyday activities.

Even though some MSK conditions may lead to chronic pain, treatment can be helpful in reducing pain and improving function and quality of life.

What services does VA provide for MSK conditions and chronic pain?

VA is here to support you. Our primary care providers have special training to treat MSK conditions and pain in women Veterans. We offer services and treatment in VA medical centers and clinics available in the community. These services may include:

  • Primary care (Talk to your primary care provider first about MSK concerns—they can refer you to specialized services as needed.)
  • Physical therapy (helps with movement and function of body parts). Techniques may include:
    • Heat treatments such as hot water baths and heating pads
    • Cold treatments such as ice packs, ice baths, and ice massage
    • Gentle stretching
    • Muscle strengthening exercises
    • Vibration therapy
    • Aquatic therapy (therapy in a pool)
  • Occupational therapy (helps with daily tasks like cooking or dressing, especially using hands and arms)
  • Recreational therapy (such as therapy with visual arts and music)
  • Chiropractic treatment (hands-on treatment to align the spine and restore joint mobility)
  • Rheumatology (treatment for certain MSK conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or lupus)
  • Orthopedics
  • Neurology and neuropsychology
  • Physiatry referrals (providers trained in physical medicine and rehabilitation)
  • Complementary and integrative health services such as acupuncture, massage, yoga, meditation, and relaxation treatments
  • Medications like anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen), pain medications, and some anti-seizure or anti-depressant medications
  • Pain management injections like botulinum toxin and cortisone
  • Cognitive behavioral pain self-management programs which teach relaxation, pacing, healthy sleep habits, and encourage healthy movement
  • Rx3 (Rehab, Refit, Return to Duty) free mobile app to help service members and Veterans recover from MSK injuries and improve overall health and fitness.

The mind and body are interconnected. It is common for women with chronic pain to also be coping with mental health concerns like depression. Chronic pain treatment often includes treatment to support your mental health. Getting these treatments together may give you better pain relief.

How do I access services for MSK conditions at VA?

You must be enrolled in VA health care to receive MSK treatment, and these treatments must be medically necessary.

If you are already enrolled in VA health care, start by contacting your primary care provider. Let them know about any MSK symptoms or pain you are having. They will do an initial evaluation, and then make recommendations about treatments and consultations that may help.

If you do not have VA health care yet, please know that you do not have to be disabled to receive health care services at VA.

If you don't already use VA health care, you may want to use the following online tools:

Find out if you are eligible for VA health care

Enroll in VA health care if you haven't already

Find your local VA and make an appointment

Can I get disability compensation (monthly payments) or other benefits from VA related to my MSK condition?

Veterans may be able to receive compensation for conditions that started or got worse in the line of duty. This includes injuries or disabilities related to MSK conditions. Explore disability eligibility here. If you have questions, a Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA) representative at your nearest regional office can explain more. Find your nearest regional office.

Where can I find more information and resources on MSK conditions?

To learn more about MSK conditions, chronic pain, and VA treatment options, access the following resources:

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The Women Veterans Call Center is your guide to women's health

If you have questions or can't find what you're looking for, you can call, text, or chat online with the Women Veterans Call Center (WVCC) at 855-829-6636 to get help and find available resources and services in your area. Trained women representatives can also:

  • Provide you with information on enrolling in VA health care if you have not already
  • Provide you with information on setting up a medical appointment in your area
  • Provide you with information about your eligibility (including questions about disability ratings) and other VA benefits like employment, education, and home loans
  • Connect you with your local VA Medical Center or local women's health contact who can assist in coordinating all the services you need

WVCC representatives are available Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. ET, and Saturday, 8:00 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. ET.

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The Women Veterans Call Center is your guide to VA. The Women Veterans Call Center is your guide to VA.
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